International Journal Of Business, Arts and Scientific Study


Chief Editorial Adviser

Professor Dr. K. M. Mohsin, Department of History, University of Dhaka

Vice-chancellor, DIU, Dhaka, Bangladesh


Professor Dr. Kamrul Alam Khan, Jagannath University, Dhaka, Bangladesh 

Chief Editor

Professor Md. Fazlur Rahman, Department of Language Education, IER, DU

Board of Editors

Professor Dr. Md. Abu Zafor, Jagannath University, Dhaka, Bangladesh 
Professor Dr. Tazul Islam Chowdhury, SAU, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Professor Dr. Mohammed Salim Bhuyan, UGV, Barishal, Bangladesh

Professor Dr. Saeed Mahmud Ullah, Department of EEE, DU, Bangladesh

Professor Dr. Snehangshu Shekhar Chanda, SAU, Sylhet, Bangladesh

Md. ShahazahanSeraj Bhuiyan, Head of English, MIST, Mirpur Cantonment

Dr. Abdullah Al Manzur Hussain, Associate Professor of Law, PU, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Md. Abu Bakar Siddique, Associate Professor& Head of Education, RUD, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Dr. Issac Paul, Assistant Professor, Govt. College of Teacher Education, Kerala, India

Dr. Md. Kamrul Islam Khan, SAE, BINA, Mymensingh, Bangladesh

Dr. Md. Obaidullah, Assistant Professor, MIU, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Dr. Md. Mashiusjaman, Government Homeopathy Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Allen Joseph Gomes, PhD (Fellow) & CEO, ANTIOCH Bangladesh

Chief Executive Editor& Patron

Md. Shah Alam Chowdhury, PhD

Associate Professor, Department of English, DIU, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Founder and CEO, Bangladesh Center for Research and Planning (BCRP)

Executive Editors

Mili Rahman, Associate Professor, DIU & Chairman, BCRP, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Md. Ehsanul Islam Khan, Assistant Professor, MIU, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Managing Editor

Ali Akber, Assistant Professor, DIU, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Assistant Managing Editor

Ayesha Khatun, MPhil Fellow (JU) & Deputy Director, BCRP

Editorial Assistants

MumtahinaFardos, Research Assistant, Hello-Teen Society, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Nasim Mahmud, Editorial Assistant (JEE), Hello-Teen Society, Dhaka, Bangladesh


The Culture of the Urang Community of Bangladesh Snehangshu Shekhar Chanda, Ayesha Khatun01-07
Universal Appeal of Kobor Comparing to Western Elegies Ahmad Mahbub-ul-Alam, Mohammad Ehsanul Islam Khan & Nafisa Ahsan Nitu08-13
Crisis of Modernity in ‘The Second Coming’ and Adbhut Andhar Ek’(A Strange Darkness) Ali Akber14-18
Psychological Tone of Suffering in The Lowland Md. Jahidul Azad19-25
Integrated Democracy as a Weapon of Interpersonal Skill in Walt Whitman’s Poetry Md. Shah Alam Chowdhury26-32
Homeopathy Treatment in the Social Context of Bangladesh Md. Salimur Rahman, Md. Mostafizur Rahman Siddique, Md. Mashiusjaman & Anwar H Biswas33-39
Public Health during the Global Pandemic Covid-19: Intervening, Perceiving and Incorporating   Dr. S. Quadir Patwari40-43
A Green Study of Tagore’s Gitanjali Mili Rahman44-48
An Introspective Study of National Development in Bangladesh through Mass Media Md. Burhan Uddin, Md. Abu Bakar Siddique& Farhana Chowdhury49-52
Causes and Effects of Inflation in the Business Sectors: An Overview in Bangladesh Context Mohiuddin Ahmed Mojumder53-58

The Culture of the Urang Community of Bangladesh

Snehangshu Shekhar Chanda, Ayesha Khatun

Abstract: This comprehensive study focuses on the life and culture of the Urang community of Bangladesh, who are living mainly in greater Sylhet for ages. Data have been collected through field visits and semi-structured interviews with 64 members of the community. The result shows that, even though the Urangs have traditionally been working and living in different tea gardens in Sylhet, a lot of them are now engaged in various professions including jobs even in some government offices. Culturally the community has its distinctive features while it has affinity with Hinduism. Rice is their staple food and they dress up in accordance with mainstream Bangladeshi culture. Their food habit is different from other Bengali people living in this area. They wear different dresses in different occasion. Because of living in the remote area, they are habituated to adjust with raining and other natural disaster. They generally speak in Sadri and Kurukh language.

Keywords:The Urangs, Language,Culture,Kurukh,Sadri

Universal Appeal of KoborComparing to Western Elegies

Ahmad Mahbub-ul-Alam, Mohammad Ehsanul Islam Khan, Nafisa Ahsan Nitu

Abstract: The paper endeavors to comprehend the liberal humanism of literature in respect of time and place. Poets, whether eastern or western, being the emotional class, present the natural, simple and ordinary things in some extraordinary manners with their literary intellect, linguistic genius, and philosophic depth. In every language, there is mourning for the dead; especially presented by the poets in their elegies, the poems of lamentation. In fact, an elegy is not just a few lines with some mere mourning or lamentation for the dead; rather, it mirrors life of the common people. In this regard, elegies of all languages have a universal connection with each other. Considering all these, the present study reveals to set an attachment of Jasim Uddin’s poem Koborwith Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard by Thomas Gray, Lycidas by John Milton and Adonais by P. B. Shelly. Both in the western elegies and in the Bengali poem Kobor, the eternal philosophy of arrival and departure of human being is vividly presented.

Keywords:Elegy, Universalism, Melancholy, Low mimetic mode

Crisis of Modernity in ‘The Second Coming’ and ‘AdbhutAndharEk’ (A Strange Darkness)

Ali Akber

Abstract: Both William Butler Yeats and Jibanananda Das experienced the British subjugation in their respective countries and were deeply concerned with the plague of the modern society. ‘The Second Coming’ is Yeats’ one of the greatest poems. Here he laments over the pathetic condition of modern people who ‘fall apart’, with systems collapsed and spiritually bareness for which he foresees the upcoming endless cruel danger in the form of sphinx rather than the hopeful second coming of the Jesus Christ. Whereas, Jibanananda Das envisions the polluted picture of the society of Bengal in his short poem ‘AdbhutAndharEk (A Strange Darkness)’. Das’s portrayal of the society here is dominated by the evil people who are devoid of efficiency, morality, honesty and sympathy. The influential evil people of the society are treading down the good fellows. Thus, the society is in the eminent darkness where the evils rule supreme. Now in this paper, there will be an attempt to make a comparative study of ‘The Second Coming’ by William Butler Yeats and the poem ‘AdbhutAndharEk (A Strange Darkness)’ byJibanananda Das.

Keywords:Darkness,Spirituals mundi, Exploitation, Plunder, Anarchy

Psychological Tone of Suffering in The Lowland

Md. Jahidul Azad

Abstract: The paper aims at psychoanalytic reading on Jhumpa Lahiri’sThe Lowlandgoing through the major characters; Subhash, Udayan, Gauri and Bela. The study narrates the roles of the major characters to prove the novelas a psychoanalytical discourse.It presents Subhash and Udayan Mitra growing up, Gauri is traumatized by her husband’s death and her daughter, Bela, deprived of mother’s love. The psychoanalytic theory attempts to fathom into the psychological makeup of the characters. The researcher shows how the characters in The Lowland battle within themselves with their deep fears and repressed feelings, mentally disturbs them and makes their lives a struggle, both physically and mentally. The special emphasis of the study deals with the sufferings, depressions, and dissatisfaction of the major characters of The Lowland.

Keywords:Psychological Tone,Traumatize, Repressed Feeling, Suffering

Integrated Democracy as a Weapon of Interpersonal Skill in Walt Whitman’s Poetry

Md. Shah Alam Chowdhury

Abstract: American democracy draws Whitman attraction most. This was the ever-burning theme of his poetry. He embraced it and expressed it in its all manifestation-fields, trees,animals, birds, farms, light, air, sea, men, women, and their politics and social transactions, factories, workshops, offices, stories, streets, critics, plains, the countryside and what not. Whitman considered these and many more items as the integral parts of democracy in America. Whitman envisioned democracy not just as a political system but as a way of experiencing the world. In the early nineteenth century, people still harbored many doubts about whether the United States could survive as a country and about whether democracy could thrive as a political system. Whitman tried to remove all kinds of confusion regarding this issue. Whitman tried to be democratic in both life and poetry. He imagined democracy as a way of interpersonal interaction and as a way for individuals to integrate their beliefs into their everyday lives.

Keywords:En Masse,American democracy,‘I’,Glorification of individual,Grass,Democratic impulse

Homeopathy Treatment in the Social Context of Bangladesh

Dr. Md. Salimur Rahman,Dr. Md. Mostafizur Rahman Siddique, Dr. Md. Mashiusjaman, Dr. Anwar H Biswas

Abstract: Homeopathy is a delicate, safe, and characteristic arrangement of recuperating that depends on utilizing minute ‘homeopathic’ portions to animate and energize the normal mending frameworks of the body. The human body is independent outfitted with its own mending framework that fixes and safeguards the structure and elements of the body. This equivalent recuperating framework consequently keeps up a solid and amicable harmony between brain, body, and soul. In light of this reality, homeopathy is intended to invigorate and uphold this recuperating component and help look after wellbeing. These days, more individuals are picking homeopathy due to its normal strategy for mending; there is minimal result of the homeopathy meds.

Keywords:Law of minimum dosage, Benefits,Process,Consultation,Treatment

Public Health during the Global Pandemic Covid-19: Intervening, Perceiving and Incorporating

Dr. S. Quadir Patwari

Abstract: In the current context of the global pandemic of Corona virus disease-2019 (COVID- 19), Health Professionals or Public Health Workers are striving along with social scientists to inform government policy on dos and don’ts about Corona virus. Various elements of Public Health contribute a lot to the problems identified in rural areas and city areas including a declining population; economic stagnation; shortages of physicians and other health care providers; a disproportionate number of older, poor, and underinsured residents; and high rates of chronic illness (WHO, 2005a). This study demonstrates the challenges faced by rural communities in addressing COVID-19 and the role of Public Health to overcome this situation.

Keywords:Public health,COVID-19,Challenge,Leadership,Health sectors,Non-health sectors

A Green Study of Tagore’s Gitanjali

Mili Rahman

Abstract: Relation between human race and non-human part of nature is as old as human consciousness. The most recent approach to this relation is depicted through theory of eco-criticism. Nature is represented in literature in many different ways and arguably two important viewpoints are romanticism and transcendentalism. Among them Romanticism was patronized by Wordsworth and transcendentalism was promoted by American think-tank Ralph Waldo Emerson. Emerson’s idea of Ecocriticism refers to American part and Wordsworth’s idea of Romanticism is a green study of British counterpart. Interestingly both viewpoints are found in Gitanjali. This study highlights the natural aspects reflected in Gitanjali with focus on the idea that Tagore not only floats above the material world in some aesthetic atmosphere, rather, plays a vital part in an immensely complex global system, in which energy, matter, and idea interact.

Keywords:Eco-criticism,Gitanjali,Nature,Language,Relationship,Ecology,Ethics,Rhetorical effect

An Introspective Study of National Developmentin Bangladesh through Mass Media

Md. Burhan Uddin,Md. Abu Bakar Siddique, Farhana Chowdhury

Abstract: Media works as a teacher to teach us about development, to make us aware of the betterment of life, and make us teach new skills. Also, it can help us while deciding on adopting any changes, also plays the role of gatekeeper. Mass Media is called the fourth estate of a nation. So, the role of media in development is beyond description. If information dissemination is the key factor of change in society, the media works as the agent of spreading information. Media the agenda setter must work in a free environment with the full democratic scenario for ensuring development. Therefore, the paper reviewed the secondary data and finally depicted some introspective viewpoints on the function of mass media in national development.

Keywords:National development,Social change,Politics, Economy, Social development

Causes and Effects of Inflation in the Business Sectors: An Overview in Bangladesh Context

Mohiuddin Ahmed Mojumder

Abstract: The present paper aimed at reviewing the issues of inflation in the different business sectors of Bangladesh during the last few years.Inflation is the proportion of the cost of goods and services that increases over time. It is a market force that we cannot control, so it’s important to have both a proactive and reactive strategy. If it is high, it might be better to wait until it drops.This research shows that the effects of inflation on business growth very negative as well as positively in a country over time.The study moreover finds that the outcomes from this study rely upon country-specific qualities, the data index used, and the methodology employed. This is a review survey, in detail, from the existing research on the causes and effects of inflation in the business sector and economic growth in developing countries like Bangladesh.Keywords:Causes of inflation,Financial sectors, I

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